Nyaya – A huge thing and a tiny thing (like the star Arundhati).

स्थूलारुन्धतीन्यायः

This maxim takes its origin from the custom of showing the star Arundhati to the bride and the bridegroom at the close of the marriage ceremony. At that time attention of both is first drawn to the moon, and from the moon to a big star close by, and thus gradually to Arundhati, which is very tiny star. It is used in cases when with a view to bring a very small thing to one’s notice, his attention is first drawn to a big and conspicious object near by and then gradually to the thing in question.

Nyaya – Sunrise and sunset.

सूर्योदयास्तन्यायः

The maxim takes its origin from the erroneous notion regarding the motion of the sun who has, broadly speaking, no motion, but still erroneously beleived by people to be rising in the east and setting down in the west, and is used to denote various sorts of erroneous notions that the human nature is subject to.

Nyaya – Thread and cloth.

सुत्रशाटिकान्यायः

The maxim takes its origin from the word “cloth” being used even when it is not in existence, the threads only being put in order for the purpose of making it, and denotes that a thing is freely talked of as an accomplished fact even when materials only are gathered and all other perparations are made for making that thing.